Refractometric study on binary, ternary, and quaternary solutions made by water, methanol, ethanol, glycerol, D-glucose monohydrate (DGMH), sucrose, and sodium chloride at T = 293.15 K and atmospheric pressure
The glycerol, D-glucose monohydrate (DGMH), sucrose, and sodium chloride are used in food industries and the measurement of properties for these components and their aqueous solutions can be important. In this research work, the refractive indices for binary solutions of (methanol + glycerol), (ethanol + glycerol), ternary solutions of (water + glycerol + DGMH), (water + glycerol + sucrose), (water + sucrose + DGMH), (water + sucrose + ethanol), (water + ethanol + DGMH), (water + NaCl + DGMH), (water + methanol + NaCl), (water + ethanol + NaCl), (water + NaCl + glycerol), (water + sucrose + NaCl), and quaternary solutions of (water + ethanol + sucrose + DGMH), (water + ethanol + sucrose + glycerol), (water + NaCl + sucrose + glycerol) were measured in wide range of mole fractions at T = 293.15 K and atmospheric pressure. For binary solutions of this study, the changes of refractive index on mixing, ∆nD, were calculated in each mole fraction at T = 293.15 K. Also, the refractive index of binary solutions was fitted by a semi-empirical equation. The constant of this equation, Kr, was represented by Koohyar et al. in 2011. This constant can be used to investigate power of interactions between solute and solvent molecules. For ternary and quaternary solutions of this study, a semi-empirical equation was used to determine refractive indices at given temperature. The comparison between calculated and experimental refractive indices shows that there is a good agreement between them especially in lower molal concentrations.
A. Zuber, R. F. Checoni, R. Castier. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 32 (2015) 637.
V. K. Gupta. M. Gupta, S. Sharma. Water. Res. 35 ( 2001) 1125.
A. Anderko, P. Wang, M. Rafal. Fluid Phase Equilib. 194 (2002) 123.
W. Cui, L. Li, Y. Guo, S. Zhang, T. Deng. J. Chem., vol. 2018, Article ID 7962739, 4 pages, 2018. DOI.org/10.1155/2018/7962739.
F. L. Moreno, M. Raventós, E. Hernández, N. Santamaría, J. Acosta, O. Pirachican, L. Torres, Y. Ruiz. Int. J. Food Prop, 18 (2015) 426.
F. Koohyar. J. Thermodyn. Catal, 4 (2013) 4, 1000e117 (Editorial).
R. Rosman, M. N. Dimon, Y. K. Yeow. Indones. J. Elctri. Eng & Comput. Sci, 10 (2018) 853.
C. E. Bassey, C. A. Siguenza. Biophys. J., 98, Supplement 1 (2010). p 408a.
S. Liu, Y. Zhao, J. W. Parks. D. W. Deamer, A. R. Hawkins, H. Schmidt. Nano Lett, 14 (2014) 4816.
F. Shen, J. Wang, Z. Xu, Y. Wu, Q. Chen, X. Li, X. Jie, L. Li, M. Yao, X. Guo, T. Zhu. Nano Lett, 12 (2012) 3722.
M. C. DeSantis, W. Cheng. Wiley Interdiscip. Rev. Nanomed. Nanobiotechnol. 8 (2016) 717.
Y. Pang, H. Song, W. Cheng. Biomed. Opt. Express. 7 (2016) 1672.
A. Mitra, B. Deutsch, F. Ignatovich, C. Dykes, L. Novotny. ACS Nano, 4 (2010) 1305.
H. Mukundan, A. S. Anderson, W. K. Grace, K. M. Grace, N. Hartman, J. S. Martinez, B. I. Swanson. Sensors, 9 (2009) 5783.
A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, O. Kamohara, A. Artar, T. W. Geisbert, J. H. Connor, H. Altug. Nano Letter. 10 (2010) 4962.
S. Wang, X. Shan, U. Patel, X. Huang, J. Lu, J. Li, N. Tao . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107 (2010) 16028.
T. Lu, H. Lee, T. Chen, S. Herchak, J. H. Kim, S. E. Fraser, R. C. Flagan, K. Vahala. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 108 (2011) 5976.
H. Zhu, I. M. White, J. D. Suter, M. Zourob, X. Fan. Analyst (Lond.), 133 (2008) 356.
G. G. Daaboul, A. Yurt, X. Zhang, G. M. Hwang, B. B. Goldberg, M. S. Ünlü. Nano Lett. 10 (2010) 4727.
F. Vollmer, S. Arnold, D. Keng. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105 (2008) 20701.
O. Block, A. Mitra, L. Novotny, Dykes C., J. Virol. Methods. 182 (2012) 70.
J.H. Wade, R. C. Bailey. Anal. Chem, 86 (2014) 913.
H. Zhu, I. M. White, J. D. Suter, M. Zourob, X. Fan X. Anal. Chem, 79 (2007) 930.
I. M. White, H. Oveys, X. Fan. Opt. Lett, 31 (2006) 1319.
J. D. Suter, I. M. White, H. Zhu, X. Fan. Appl. Opt, 46 (2007) 389.
K. Lakshmi, T. Rajesh T. Eur. J. Chem, 1 (2010) 262.
M. R. Riazi, Y. A. Roomi. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, 40 (2001) 1975.
K. Grodowska, A. Parczewski. Acta. Poloniae. Pharmaceutica. Drug Research, 67 (2010) 3.
L. F. Ballesteros, J. A. Teixeira, S. I. Mussatto. Food Bioprocess Technol, 7 (2014) 1322.
X. Jiang, Y. Wang, M. Li. Sci. Rep, 4 : 6070 (2014) 1-4.
A. Bocho-Janiszewska, T. Wasilewski. Tenside, Surfactants, Deterg, 54 (2017) 372.
D. Szymanowska-Powałowska. Electron. J. Biotechnol, 17 (2014) 322.
F. Koohyar, A. A. Rostami, M. J. Chaichi, F. Kiani. J. Solution Chem, 40 (2011) 1361.
F. Koohyar, F. Kiani F. Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng, ASAP.
Lide D.R., CRC handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th Edition, CRC Press, USA (2003-2004).
F. Koohyar, F. Kiani, S. Sharifi, M. Sharifirad, S. H. Rahmanpour. Res. J. Appl. Sci. Eng & Technol, 4 (2012) 3095.
O. Redlich, A. T. Kister. Ind. Eng. Chem, 40 (1948) 345.
A. F. Ribeiro, E. Langa, A. M. Mainar, J. I. Pardo, J. S. Urieta. J. Chem. & Eng. Data, 51 (2006) 1846.
Copyright (c) 2019 Fardad Koohyar, Javad Nasiri, Farhoush Kiani
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.