Determination of Labetalol Hydrochloride by Kinetic Spectrophotometry Using Potassium Permanganate as Oxidant


  • Nafisur Rahman Aligarh Muslim University
  • Nishat Anwar Keetham Agra U.P
  • Mohammad Kashif Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
  • Md. Nasrul Hoda Medical College of Georgia
  • Habibur Rahman Aligarh Muslim University



Labetalol hydrochloride, kinetic spectrophotometry, initial rate and fixed time method


A simple and sensitive kinetic spectrophotometric method was developed for the determination of labetalol (LBT) hydrochloride. The method was based on the kinetic investigation of the oxidation of the drug with alkaline potassium permanganate at room temperature (25 ± 1°C). The increase in absorbance of coloured manganate ions was measured at 605 nm. All experimental variables affecting the development of the colour were investigated and optimized. The initial rate and fixed time (at 6 minute) methods were adopted for determining the drug concentration. The calibration graphs were linear in the concentration ranges of 2-14 μg mL-1 and 1-10 μg mL-1, using the initial rate and fixed time methods, respectively. The method was successfully applied to the determination of labetalol in laboratory made tablets and commercial tablets. The results were validated statistically and through recovery studies.


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Author Biographies

Nafisur Rahman, Aligarh Muslim University

Analytical Research Division, Department of Chemistry

Nishat Anwar, Keetham Agra U.P

Anand Engineering College

Mohammad Kashif, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

National Dope Testing Laboratory

Md. Nasrul Hoda, Medical College of Georgia

Department of Neurology

Habibur Rahman, Aligarh Muslim University

Analytical Research Division, Department of Chemistry


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