Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils Extracted from Plants Cultivated in Mexico


  • Anne-Laure Chauvin CINVESTAV-IPN
  • Crecencio Rodríguez Flores CINVESTAV-IPN
  • Alizé Pennec Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes
  • Caroline Nugier-Chauvin Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes Université Européenne de Bretagne
  • Richard Daniellou Université d’Orléans
  • Luis Herrera-Estrella CINVESTAV-IPN



essential oil, lavender, antimicrobial activity, bioactive compound, GC-MS, Mycobacterium smegmatis


Samples of lavender, rosemary and laurel essential oils obtained from plants cultivated in Mexico were analysed by GC-MS using a non polar capillary column. Characterisation of individual components was performed using a commercial mass spectrometry library, and 53 components were identified. The analysis of bioactive compounds highlighted a 5 and 2-fold increased quantity of potent antibacterial 1,8-cineole (46.5%) and camphor (12.3%) in lavandin “provence”, compared to the French cultivars. It also showed a 3- and 2-fold increase in camphor and linalool concentration in rosemary and laurel compared to the average level, making them promising alternatives for medicinal treatment. Strains of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria were analyzed for their susceptibility to these essential oils using the agar disc diffusion method and their antimicrobial activity was demonstrated. To our knowledge, this is the first report on antibacterial activity of lavender essential oil, recently added to the Mexican pharmacopeia, against Mycobacterium smegmatis (Mc Rv 3782 PW2).


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Author Biographies

Anne-Laure Chauvin, CINVESTAV-IPN

Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad (Langebio)

Crecencio Rodríguez Flores, CINVESTAV-IPN

Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad (Langebio)

Richard Daniellou, Université d’Orléans

Institut de Chimie Organique et Analytique

Luis Herrera-Estrella, CINVESTAV-IPN

Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad (Langebio)


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