Selenium Uptake and Biotransformation and Effect of Selenium Exposure on the Essential and Trace Elements Status: Comparative Evaluation of Four Edible Plants

Oscar David Guevara Moreno, Francisco Javier Acevedo Aguilar, Eunice Yañez Barrientos


Due to the essential nature of selenium and the beneficial effects attributed to the consumption of selenized plants in human and animal health. The accumulation, metabolism in plants and the effects of this element on the nutritional quality of exposed crops is still a subject of study. The selenium plant enrichment, in addition to providing dietary supplements with organic selenium species as SeMet and MeSeCys, could be a strategy to yield functional foods that guarantee the recommended absorption of other essential minerals. To contributing to the design of biofortification/supplementation strategies to obtain selenized edible sprouts, in this work were selected four types of plants commonly consumed in Mexico (radish, alfalfa, sunflower and chard), which were exposed to different concentrations of sodium selenite (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0 and 10 mg of Se L-1) for 10 days. At the end of the exposure time, the growth, uptake and biotransformation from iSe to oSe, as well as the impact of Se on the content of other essential elements were evaluated. The results obtained indicate that alfalfa could be a good candidate to produce selenized food supplement, due to its short germination time (5 days), high yield of biomass production without growth inhibition up to selenite concentration corresponding to 10 mg L-1. Using this exposure condition, tSe accumulated in biomass is high (75.0 mg g-1) with 66% of iSe transformed to oSe in plant and with enhanced uptake of important minerals, namely Cu, Mn, Mo, Ca and K.


selenium; selenized dietary supplement; Se biotransformation in plants; biofortification

Full Text:



Rayman, M. P. The Lancet 2000, 356, 233-241.

Kieliszek, M.; Błażejak, S. Nutrition 2013, 29, 713-718.

Navarro-Alarcon, M.; Cabrera-Vique, C. Science of The Total Environment 2008, 400, 115-141.

Valdiglesias, V.; Pasaro, E.; Mendez, J.; Laffon, B. Archives of toxicology 2010, 84, 337-351.

Liu, K.; Zhao, Y.; Chen, F.; Gu, Z.; Bu, G. European Food Research and Technology 2012, 234, 61-68.

Fairweather-Tait, S. J.; Bao, Y.; Broadley, M. R.; Collings, R.; Ford, D.; Hesketh, J. E.; Hurst, R. Antioxidants & redox signaling 2011, 14, 1337-1383.

Thomson, C. D. The Analyst 1998, 123, 827-831.

Pyrzynska, K. Food Chemistry 2009, 114, 1183-1191.

Yáñez Barrientes, E.; Rodríguez Flores, C.; Wrobel, K.; Wrobel, K. Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society 2012, 56, 03-09.

Elguera, J. C. T.; Barrientos, E. Y.; Wrobel, K.; Wrobel, K. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 2013, 35, 431-441.

Salt, D. E. Metallomics 2013, 5, 1088-1089.

Mounicou, S.; Szpunar, J.; Lobinski, R. Chemical Society Reviews 2009, 38, 1119-1138.

Arruda, M.; Azevedo, R. Annals of Applied Biology 2009, 155, 301-307.

López‐Barea, J.; Gómez‐Ariza, J. L. Proteomics 2006, 6.

Wróbel, K.; Wróbel, K.; Kannamkumarath, S. S.; Caruso, J. A.; Wysocka, I. A.; Bulska, E.; Świa̧tek, J.; Wierzbicka, M. Food Chemistry 2004, 86, 617-623.

Ellis, D. R.; Salt, D. E. Current opinion in plant biology 2003, 6, 273-279.

Lintschinger, J.; Fuchs, N.; Moser, J.; Kuehnelt, D.; Goessler, W. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2000, 48, 5362-5368.

Elless, M. P.; Blaylock, M. J.; Huang, J. W.; Gussman, C. D. Food Chemistry 2000, 71, 181-188.

Waheed, S.; Rahman, S.; Siddique, N. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 2014, 89, 134-140.

Sierpina, V. S.; Devries, S.; Prasad, A.; Eisenberg, D.; McKee, J. M.; Kreitzer, M. J. EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing 2013, 9, 192-195.

Schiavon, M.; Berto, C.; Malagoli, M.; Trentin, A.; Sambo, P.; Dall'Acqua, S.; Pilon-Smits, E. A. H. Frontiers in Plant Science 2016, 7, 1371.

Pedrero, Z.; Madrid, Y.; Camara, C. J Agric Food Chem 2006, 54, 2412-2417.

Hall, J. A.; Bobe, G.; Hunter, J. K.; Vorachek, W. R.; Stewart, W. C.; Vanegas, J. A.; Estill, C. T.; Mosher, W. D.; Pirelli, G. J. PLoS ONE 2013, 8, e58188.

Khattak, R. A.; Page, A. L.; Parker, D. R.; Bakhtar, D. Journal of Environmental Quality 1991, 20, 165-168.

Bierla, K.; Flis-Borsuk, A.; Suchocki, P.; Szpunar, J.; Lobinski, R. J Agric Food Chem 2016, 64, 4975-4981.

Garousi, F.; Veres, S.; Kovacs, B. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2016, 97, 709-713.

Hernández-Castro, E.; Trejo-Téllez, L. I.; Gómez-Merino, F. C.; Rodríguez-Mendoza, M. N.; Sánchez-García, P.; Robledo-Paz, A. Journal of soil science and plant nutrition 2015, 15, 694-710.

Criollo, H.; García, J. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas 2011, 3, 210-222.

Gómez-Álvarez, R.; Lázaro-Jerónimo, G.; León-Nájera, J. Universidad y ciencia 2008, 24, 11-20.

Britannica, T. E. o. E.; Encyclopædia Britannica, inc.: Encyclopædia Britannica.

Uden, P. C.; Bird, S. M.; Kotrebai, M.; Nolibos, P.; Tyson, J. F.; Block, E.; Denoyer, E. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 1998, 362, 447-456.

Zarain, R. M. 2003.

Tenesaca, Q., 2014.

Wrobel, K.; Kannamkumarath, S. S.; Wrobel, K.; Caruso, J. A. Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry 2003, 375, 133-138.

White, P. J.; Broadley, M. R. Trends in Plant Science 2005, 10, 586-593.

Karley, A. J.; White, P. J. Current opinion in plant biology 2009, 12, 291-298.

White, P. J.; Broadley, M. R. Annals of Botany 2003, 92, 487-511.

Gupta, M.; Gupta, S. Frontiers in Plant Science 2017, 7.

Gergely, V.; Montes-Bayón, M.; Fodor, P.; Sanz-Medel, A. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2006, 54, 4524-4530.

Yu, Y.; Zhang, S.; Wen, B.; Huang, H.; Luo, L. Biological trace element research 2011, 143, 1789-1798.

Ximénez-Embún, P.; Alonso, I.; Madrid-Albarrán, Y.; Cámara, C. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2004, 52, 832-838.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Oscar David Guevara Moreno, Francisco Javier Acevedo Aguilar, Eunice Yañez Barrientos

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society (J. Mex. Chem. Soc.) Vol 62, No 2 (2018). Quarterly publication (April-June). Edited and distributed by Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Barranca del Muerto 26, Col. Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, Mexico City. Phone: +5255 56626837; +5255 56626823 Contact: Editor-in-Chief: Ignacio González-Martínez. Indexed Journal. Certificate of reserved rights for recurrent publications under digital distribution granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 04-2018-091118040000-203. Certificate of lawful title and content: Under procedure. ISSN-e granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 2594-0317. ISSN granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 1870-249X. Postal registration of printed matter deposited by editors or agents granted by SEPOMEX: IM09-0312 Copyright © Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Total or partial reproduction is prohibited without written permission of the right holder. The Figures/schemes quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors. Updated December 12th, 2018 by Adriana Vázquez (editorial assistant, e-mail:, J. Mex. Chem. Soc., Sociedad Química de México, A.C.