Molecular Modeling and Chiral Separation of Benzodiazepines by Capillary Electrophoresis Using Highly Sulfated Cyclodextrins

María Gabriela Vargas Martinez, Guillermo Ramírez Galicia

Abstract


A capillary electrophoretic method for the chiral separation of the 3-chiral-1,4-benzodiazepines was developed. Enantiomeric resolution of oxazepam, lorazepam, temazepam, and lormetazepam was achieved using sulfated cyclodextrins (CD's) as chiral selectors. A 3-levels, 4-factors fractional factorial (34-2) design was applied to test 3 different CD's: heptakis-6-sulfato--cyclodextrin (HSCD), heptakis-(2,3-diacetyl-6-sulfato)--cyclodextrin (HDASCD), and heptakis-(2,3-dimethyl-6-sulfato)--cyclodextrin (HDMSCD). The CD type, its concentration, the pH of the electrolyte, and % organic modifier were tested as the factors in the experimental design. The highest resolution values were obtained using a 20 mM borate buffer, pH 9.0 with the addition of 5 % HSCD and 15 % methanol as an organic modifier. At these separation conditions, the equilibrium constants of the benzodiazepine-HSCD complex formation were calculated. A theoretical study of the interaction benzodiazepine-HSCD complex using semiempirical calculations is postulated.


Keywords


Chiral Separation; Benzodiazepines; Sulfated Cyclodextrins; Molecular Modeling

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29356/jmcs.v62i2.413

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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society (J. Mex. Chem. Soc.) Vol 62, No 2 (2018). Quarterly publication (April-June). Edited and distributed by Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Barranca del Muerto 26, Col. Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, Mexico City. Phone: +5255 56626837; +5255 56626823 Contact: soquimex@sqm.org.mx http://www.sqm.org.mx Editor-in-Chief: Ignacio González-Martínez. Indexed Journal. Certificate of reserved rights granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 04-2005-052710530600-102. Certificate of lawful title and content: Under procedure. ISSN-e granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 2594-0317. ISSN granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 1870-249X. Postal registration of printed matter deposited by editors or agents granted by SEPOMEX: IM09-0312 Copyright © Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Total or partial reproduction is prohibited without written permission of the right holder. The Figures/schemes quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors. Updated June 6th, 2018 by Adriana Vázquez (editorial assistant, e-mail: editor.jmcs@gmail.com), J. Mex. Chem. Soc., Sociedad Química de México, A.C.