Characteristics of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) Seed Oil Extracted by Ultrasound Assistance

Marta Elvia Rosas-Mendoza, Jonathan Coria-Hernández, Rosalía Meléndez-Pérez, José Luis Arjona-Román

Abstract


The aims of this work were to evaluate the effect of Ultrasound- Assisted Extraction (UAE) in oil yield, as well as in the physicochemical and chemical characteristics of Chia seed oil. The seeds were cryo ground before extraction; ultrasonic bath at 40 kHz was used during 90 min extraction process. The UEA resulted in intensification of the extraction, with 79.3% oil yield, while 69.2% were for stirring extraction. Diffusion coefficient´s values were 1.04x10-11 m2s-1 and 9.16x10-12m2s-1, respectively. From thermal analysis, made with MDSC, the main triacylglycerols (TAG´s) transitions were obtained. By ATR-FTIR, changes in the 987 and 968 cm-1 wave numbers, corresponding to the outside plane deformation of C-H bonds in unsaturated fatty acids, were obtained . The UEA could change the material properties by cavitation that enhances the mass transfer, but no oil composition.

Keywords


Chia seed; Oil extraction; Ultrasound; MDSC; FTIR

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29356/jmcs.v61i4.463

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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society (J. Mex. Chem. Soc.) Vol 62, No 2 (2018). Quarterly publication (April-June). Edited and distributed by Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Barranca del Muerto 26, Col. Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, Mexico City. Phone: +5255 56626837; +5255 56626823 Contact: soquimex@sqm.org.mx http://www.sqm.org.mx Editor-in-Chief: Ignacio González-Martínez. Indexed Journal. Certificate of reserved rights for recurrent publications under digital distribution granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 04-2018-091118040000-203. Certificate of lawful title and content: Under procedure. ISSN-e granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 2594-0317. ISSN granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 1870-249X. Postal registration of printed matter deposited by editors or agents granted by SEPOMEX: IM09-0312 Copyright © Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Total or partial reproduction is prohibited without written permission of the right holder. The Figures/schemes quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors. Updated December 12th, 2018 by Adriana Vázquez (editorial assistant, e-mail: editor.jmcs@gmail.com), J. Mex. Chem. Soc., Sociedad Química de México, A.C.