Synthesis, Characterization and Heavy Metal Ion Adsorption Behavior of Imidazole-Based Novel Polyamides and Polyimides

Bita Soleimani, Mehdi Taghavi, Mousa Ghaemy

Abstract


Imidazole-based polyamides (PA)s and polyimides (PI) s were prepared from condensation of a new aromatic heterocyclic diamine, 4,4›(4,4›-(2-(4-(triflouromethyl)phenyl)-1H-imidazole-4,5-dyl)bis(4,1-phenylen))bis(oxy)bis(3-(4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl)aniline), with various diacids and dianhydrides, respectively. The structure of diamine, PAs and PIs were fully characterized by using elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR techniques. Also, adsorption capability of these polymers for removal of heavy metal ions such as Co2+, Cr3+, Cd2+, Hg2+ and Pb2+ from aqueous solutions was also tested at pH 7-8. The PAs and PIs showed good solubility in aprotic polar organic solvents with high thermal stability exhibiting the glass transition temperatures (Tg)s and 10% weight loss temperatures (T10%) in the range of 220-286 °C and 383-435 °C for PAs and 251-307 °C and 407-512 °C for PIs.

Keywords


Polyamides and polyimides; imidazole; organosoluble; heavy metal ions removal

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Copyright (c) 2017 Bita Soleimani, Mehdi Taghavi, Mousa Ghaemy

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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society (J. Mex. Chem. Soc.) Vol 61, No 3 (2017). Quarterly publication (July-September). Edited and distributed by Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Barranca del Muerto 26, Col. Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, Mexico City. Phone: +5255 56626837; +5255 56626823 Contact: soquimex@sqm.org.mx http://www.sqm.org.mx Editor-in-Chief: Ignacio González-Martínez. Indexed Journal. Certificate of reserved rights granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 04-2005-052710530600-102. Certificate of lawful title and content: Under procedure. ISSN-e granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): Under Procedure. ISSN granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 1870-249X. Postal registration of printed matter deposited by editors or agents granted by SEPOMEX: IM09-0312 Copyright © Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Total or partial reproduction is prohibited without written permission of the right holder. The Figures/schemes quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors. Updated October 26th, 2017 by Adriana Vázquez (editorial assistant, e-mail: editor.jmcs@gmail.com), J. Mex. Chem. Soc., Sociedad Química de México, A.C.