Synthesis of Metforminium Succinate by Melting. Crystal Structure, Thermal, Spectroscopic and Dissolution Properties

Eduardo Plata-Vargas, Cinthia de la Cruz-Hernández, Alejandro Dorazco-González, Inés Fuentes-Noriega, David Morales-Morales, Juan Manuel Germán-Acacio

Abstract


The reaction by melt mixing at 220 °C of the antihyperglycemic drug metformin hydrochloride 1 with dehydrated sodium succinate yields efficiently the organic salt [MET]2[SUC] 2 (H-MET+= metforminium and SUC2- = succinate). Solid state CPMAS NMR 13C spectroscopy experiments, powder X-ray diffraction and FT-IR results support the formation of the pharmaceutical salt 2 in good yields. Besides, the charged-assisted hydrogen bonding interactions of type N-H…-O(carboxylate) were thoroughly analyzed by single crystal X-Ray diffraction techniques. Thus, the pharmaceutical salt 2 possesses considerable thermal differences when compared to the pure starting reagents. In addition, intrinsic dissolution rate experiments in buffered aqueous solutions at pH= 6.8 showed a sustained-release behavior of the drug in 2 with a constant value of Kint = 0.885 mg/min * cm2.

Keywords


Diabetes; Metformin; X-ray structures; ssCPMAS NMR 13C; Melting; Succinate; mechanochemistry; green chemistry

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Copyright (c) 2017 Eduardo Plata-Vargas, Cinthia de la Cruz-Hernández, Alejandro Dorazco-González, Inés Fuentes-Noriega, David Morales-Morales, Juan Manuel Germán-Acacio

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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society (J. Mex. Chem. Soc.) Vol 61, No 3 (2017). Quarterly publication (July-September). Edited and distributed by Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Barranca del Muerto 26, Col. Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, Mexico City. Phone: +5255 56626837; +5255 56626823 Contact: soquimex@sqm.org.mx http://www.sqm.org.mx Editor-in-Chief: Ignacio González-Martínez. Indexed Journal. Certificate of reserved rights granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 04-2005-052710530600-102. Certificate of lawful title and content: Under procedure. ISSN-e granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): Under Procedure. ISSN granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 1870-249X. Postal registration of printed matter deposited by editors or agents granted by SEPOMEX: IM09-0312 Copyright © Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Total or partial reproduction is prohibited without written permission of the right holder. The Figures/schemes quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors. Updated October 26th, 2017 by Adriana Vázquez (editorial assistant, e-mail: editor.jmcs@gmail.com), J. Mex. Chem. Soc., Sociedad Química de México, A.C.